François Caron and his Beschryvinghe van Iappan – His Perception of the Japanese

Ben Maes

Abstract


In his book; Beschryvinghe van Iappan, Caron analyses the Japanese state and society. Originally intended as a report for the Governor-General of Batavia, his work was very succinct. However, in spite of the nature of the report, which required Caron to provide objective information, he becomes more personal when writing about Japanese trade. As such, the present chapter investigates the basis of this apparent subjectivity how Caron depicted the Japanese and why. Consequently, the chapter focuses more deeply on the linkage between Caron’s vision of the Japanese ‘Other’ and how this was displayed in his work, especially in regards to the trading activities of the Japanese. Firstly, it is necessary to introduce Caron and his writing, since he and his book Beschryvinge van Japan are the main guidelines for this research. Therefore, the first section of this chapter zooms in on the context in which this book was written. Moreover, this section contains a short biography of Caron’s life and his book, as well as the publication history of his work. The second section investigates into more detail what the main trading aims of the Dutch were in Japan, and how these differed from those of the Japanese. It takes a closer look on the Dutch stance towards its competition in the Japanese Traffick (trade and, therefore, serves as a background to gain a better understanding what events on the national level could have potentially contributed to Caron’s perception of the Japanese.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Boxer, C.R. (1935). A True Description of the Mighty Kingdoms of Japan & Siam, reprinted from the English Edition of 1663 with Introduction, Notes and Appendixes. London: The Argonaut Press.

Caron F. (1652). Beschrijvinghe van het machtigh konighrijcke Japan, vervattende den aerdt en eygenschappen van ’t landt, manieren der volckeren, als mede hare grouwelijcke wreedtheydt teghen de Roomsche Christenen. Amsterdam: Joost Hartgens.

Caron, F. (1663). A true Description of the Mighty Kingdoms of Japan and Siam. London: Broun & l’Echife.

Dekker, F. (1941). De betrekkingen tussen de Oost-Indische Compagnie en Japan. ’s-Gravenhage: Boucher.

Goodman, G.K. (2000). Japan and the Dutch, 1600-1853. Oxford: Routledge.

Jansen, M.B. (2000). The Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Kapitza, P. (1990). Japan in Europa: Texte und Bilddokumente zur europäischen Japankenntnis von Marco Polo bis Wilhelm von Humboldt.. Munich: Iudicium.

Lach, D.F. & Van Kley, E.J. (1993). Asia in the Making of Europe: A Century of Advance. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Laver, M.S. (2008). Japan’s Economy by Proxy in the Seventeenth Century: China, the Netherlands, and the Bakufu. Amherst, N.Y.: Cambria Press.

Laver, M.S. (2011). The Sakoku Edicts and the Politics of Tokugawa Hegemony. Amherst, N.Y.: Cambria Press.

Opstall van, M.E. (1983). Vier eeuwen Nederland-Japan: kunst-wetenschap-taal-handel. Lochem: Tijdstroom.

Rietbergen, P.J.A.N. (2003). Japan verwoord. Nihon door Nederlands ogen, 1600-1799. Amsterdam: Hotei.

Said, E. (1978/2003). Orientalism (5th ed.). London: Penguin.

Sakuma, S. (1988). Japan-China Relations during Ming Period. In T. Mikasa (Ed.). Cultural and Economic Relations Between East and West: Sea Routes. Memmingen: MZVerlagsdruckerei.

Totman, C.D. (1993). Early Modern Japan. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26481/marble.2014.v6.221

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.