Transparency and Development

  • Karolina Gombert

Abstract

Today, many organisations in the development sector stress a link from transparency to “improved accountability, increased aid effectiveness and better value for money” (Beech, 2011, “Aid Transparency: The future of Aid is changing”). In particular, the Aid Transparency Movement, which emerged with the High Level Forum on Harmonization in 2003, is meant to improve the effectiveness of official aid. As this Movement and the first ‘Open Data for Development’ conference held in Amsterdam in May 2011 convey, the issue of transparency for development opens up a new sphere for critical thought on alternative approaches to development aid and on the conception of development as such. The development sector currently witnesses a momentum prone to change of aid practices triggered by the “new global standard” of what they call ‘aid transparency’ (ibid.). Aid Transparency is the presumed key to achieve aid effectiveness and correspondingly better development results. Moreover, some development workers suggest that aid transparency could revolutionize development in the sense of dissociating any negative perception of development and endow the concept with a positive connotation instead. Against this background, this article poses the question, does aid transparency really make aid more effective and revolutionize development?

References

Barder, O. (2011). Eight Lessons from Three Years working on Transparency. Retrieved April 20, 2011 from http://www.owen.org/?s=ey+to+unlocking+better+service+delivery%2C+imp roved+governnnce+and+faster+Development+

Barder, O. (2011). Complexity – the simple path to success in development. The Guardian, 08/02/2011.

Barnett, J. (2008). Peace and Development: Towards a New Synthesis. Journal of Peace Research, 45(1), 75-89.

Beech, A. (2011). Aid Transparency: The future of aid is changing. Retrieved April 20, 2011 from http://devpolicy.org/the-future-of-aid-is-changing/

Castells, M. (2000). The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Volume 1: The Rise of the Network Society: Blackwell Publishers.

Escobar, A. (1995). Imagining a Post-Development Era? Critical Thought, Development and Social Movements. Retrieved March, 8, 2011 from http://www.unc.edu/~aescobar/text/eng/escobar92.pdf.

Furedi, F. (2002). Culture of Fear: risk-taking and the morality of low expectation. London: Continuum.

Gray-Molina, G., Perez de Rada, E. & Yanez, E. (1999). Transparency and Accountability in Bolivia: Does Voice Matter? Retrieved April 28, 2011, from http://www.iadb.org/res/ publications/pubfiles/pubr-381.pdf

Griffin, K. (1989). Alternative Strategies for Economic Development. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire & London: Macmillan Academic and Professional ltd.

Harring, N., Grimes, M. & Bauhr, M. (2010). Seeing the State. The Implications of Transparency for Societal Accountability. QoG Working Paper Series 2010: 15.

Heald, D. & Hood, C. (2006). Transparency. The Key to Better Governance? Oxford: University Press.

Levy, R. (2003). The Village Self-government movement: Elections, Democracy, the Party, and Anticorruption – Developments in Guangdong. China Information 2003, 17, 28-65

Lindstedt, C. & Naurin, D. (2010). Transparency is not Enough: Making Transparency Effective in Reducing Corruption. International Political Science Review, 31(3), 301-322.

MacDonald, E. (2010). Transparency at the World Bank. Retrieved May 25, 2011, from http://globaladminlaw.blogspot.com/2010/04/transparency-at-world-bank.html

Maxfield, S. (2002). “International Development”. In Carlsnaes, W., Thomas, R. & Simmons, B.A. (2002). Handbook of International Relations. London, Thousand Oaks & New Dehli: SAGE Publications.

Melgar, N., Rossi, M. & Smith, T.W. (2010). The Perception of Corruption. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 22(1), 120-131.

Moon, S. & Williamson, T. (2010). Greater Aid Transparency: crucial for aid effectiveness. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/download/4673.pdf

Morino, M. (2010). Transparency: Compliance Driven or Culturally Dependent? Retrieved May 27, 2011 from http://www.vppartners.org/learning/chairmans-corner/transparencycompliance- driven-or-culturally-ingrained.

Pasquier, M. & Villeneuve, J. (2007). Organizational barriers to transparency: a typology and analysis of organizational behaviour to prevent or restrict access to information. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 73(1), 148-162.

Piotrowski, S. J. & Ryzin, G. G. van (2007). Citizen Attitudes Toward Transparency in Local Government. The American Review of Public Administration, 37(3), 306-323.

Pogge, T. (2009). Politics as Usual: What Lies Behind the Pro-Poor Rhetoric. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Pogge, T. (2008). World Poverty and Human Rights. 2nd Ed. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Polman, L. (2010). Die Mitleidsindustrie. Hinter den Kulissen internationaler Hilfsorganisationen. Frankfurt/New York: Campus Verlag.

Rocca, J. (1992). Corruption and its Shadow: An Anthropological View of Corruption in China. The China Quarterly, 130, 402-416.

Sen, A. (2000). Development as Freedom. New York: Anchor Books.

Shah, P. (2002). Transparency Guarantees in Amartya Sen’s “Development as Freedom”. Retrieved March, 8, 2011 from http://www.ccsindia.org/ccsindia/article/pdf/transp_ guarantees.pdf.

Stiglitz, J. E. (1999). On Liberty, the Right to Know, and Public Discourse: The Role of Transparency in Public Life. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http://derechoasaber.org.mx/documentos/ pdf0116.pdf.

Stiglitz, J. E. (2006). Who owns Bolivia? Retrieved April 24, 2011 from http://www.projectsyndicate.org/commentary/stiglitz71/English.

Thomas, C. (2001). Poverty, development and hunger. In Baylis, J., Smith, S. & Owens, P. (2001). The Globalization of World Politics. An introduction to international relations. Third Edition. Oxford: University Press.

Wolfensohn, J. (2004). Process in the Fight against poverty. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http:// www.worldbank.org/progress/progress_part_1_part_2.pdf

Wood, T. (2011). The surprising missing link in the aid transparency chain: Recipients. Retrieved May 24, 2011 from http://devpolicy.org/the-surprising-missing-link-in-the-aidtransparency- chain-recipients/

(N.A.) (2011). Spotlight on Transparency. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from http://www.ode.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/briefs-transparency-feb11.pdf.

(N.A.) (N.D.). International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI). Provided by Beris Gwynne, Director, WVI Global Capitals (Geneva) and Partnership Leader, Global Accountability, World Vision International, April 29, 2011.

(2007). Poverty, Aid and Corruption. Transparency International Policy Paper #1/2007.

(2010). Aid Transparency Assessment 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/CSO/Resources/Aid_Transparency_Assessment_2010.pdf (2010). Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities.Retrieved May 25, 2011 from http://oa.mpg.de/files/2010/04/berlin_declaration.pdf

Published
2012-07-01