AbstractThis Joint Volume has sought to combine seven papers, which all incorporated the notion of transparency, in various ways, as the center piece of their research. The authors have looked at important dimensions in nowadays society and analyzed whether the notion of transparency is visible and how. As the idea of transparency is a central element in all spheres of society, the chosen topics demonstrate the wide-ranging investigation of areas of expertise. Nevertheless, all chapters sought to detect to which degree transparency is practiced in particular spheres and how this affects democratic accountability, institutional efficiency as well as social discipline. Of course next to the question of how to reach more transparency the issue of how much transparency is needed as well as desirable cannot be neglected.